|Pandemonium is the fourth full-length studio album by The Time, and was released in conjunction with the band’s appearance in the movie Graffiti Bridge.
Sessions and compiling
The album was developed largely from an album started by just Prince and Morris Day (although using the name The Time), called Corporate World - see Corporate World for details.
The album contains 10 songs and 5 segues. Unlike the three previous albums, Pandemonium contained significant input from band members, and only five songs of the album were written, produced and largely performed by Prince (previous albums were almost entirely handled by Prince). He is also credited at the ASCAP as the author of four of the segues. On the album, all songs and segues were credited to The Time only.
Prince was also added as a writer on the copyright information for Pandemonium indicating that he was involved in this track to a lesser degree also.
The album produced two commercially-available singles, Jerk Out and Chocolate, and The Time promoted the album heavily on TV and on tour. Pandemonium was also planned as a single, but was canceled and replaced by Chocolate.
Frictions in the band while performing together caused Jesse Johnson to be voted out of the band, however, and Jimmy Jam and Terry Lewis left to work on their production work, so promotion for the album ended in early 1991. Still, the album sold more than The Time’s previous albums.
The album reached number 18 on the US Billboard Pop Chart, and number 9 on the Billboard R&B Chart.
- Morris Day - lead vocals (credited for lead vocals and "cool")
- Prince - all background vocals and instruments, except where noted (uncredited) on Jerk Out, Donald Trump (Black Version), Chocolate, Data Bank and My Summertime Thang
- Jellybean Johnson - drums and backing vocals
- Jesse Johnson - guitar, backing vocals
- Jimmy Jam - keyboards, backing vocals
- Monte Moir - keyboards, backing vocals
- Terry Lewis - lead vocals, bass guitar, backing vocals
- Jerome Benton - percussion (credited for percussion and "mirror and holler")
- Candy Dulfer - saxophone on Donald Trump (Black Version), Data Bank, My Summertime Thang (as "Candy")
- Donnie Simpson - vocals on Dreamland (sampled from the 6th Annual Minnesota Black Music Awards ceremony in 1987)
- Jana Anderson - female vocals (credited as "Stella" (assumed))
- Robin Power - female vocals (credited as "Grace" (assumed))
- Elisa Fiorillo female vocals (credited as "Blondie" (assumed))
- Karyn White - female vocals
- Margie Cox - female vocals
- Jill Jones - female vocals
- Wendy Melvoin - guitar and background vocals on Chocolate (uncredited)
- Lisa Coleman - background vocals on Chocolate (uncredited)
- Sir Casey Terry - background vocals (uncredited) on Jerk Out
- God, Clarence Avant, Ron Sweeney, Guy Abrahams, Mo Ostin, Lenny Waronker, Benny Medina, Michael Ostin, Russ Thyret, John McClain, Prince, Jamie Starr, Susan Owens, Therese Stoulil, Tom Davies, Ron Soskin, Dan Brennan, Staffs of Paisley Park, Flyte Time Productions Inc., Jungle Love Studios, Warner Bros. Records, Reprise Records.
- Our families, our friends, and our fans. Thanks for not forgetting and believing this album could happen even when we didn’t.
- This album is officially dedicated in loving memory to Mama Jam.